Martial Arts (Care of the Young Athlete)

View spanish version, share, or print this article.

</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s001p001">More than 6 million children in the United<br /> States participate in martial arts. Martial arts are known to improve social<br /> skills, discipline, and respect in children. Children can also improve their<br /> abilities to concentrate and focus on activities, as well as bettering their<br /> motor skills and self-confidence. Martial arts can be fun and beneficial at any<br /> age.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.p049">While the martial arts are relatively safe, injuries<br /> can happen because there is physical contact between opponents. The following is<br /> information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about how to prevent<br /> martial art injuries. Also included is an overview of martial arts forms.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s002" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Injury prevention and safety tips</h3> <ul id="peo_document275.en.s002l001" list-type="bullet"> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p001"> <strong>Instructors.</strong> Experienced<br /> instructors will teach at a level appropriate for your child’s<br /> age and maturity. Lessons should emphasize technique and self-control.<br /> Experienced instructors will carefully advance your child through more<br /> complex training. Lessons should also be fun. Visit a variety of<br /> instructors and ask about their experiences with young children and<br /> their teaching philosophy.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p002"> <strong>Technique.</strong> An<br /> instructor’s emphasis on technique and self-control is very<br /> important in limiting the risk for injury. Children should learn to<br /> punch and kick with their hands and feet in proper position and using<br /> the appropriate amount of force. Kicks and punches with the hand or foot<br /> in the wrong position can cause injuries to fingers and toes. Punches or<br /> kicks that are too hard can cause pain or bruises. Contact to the head<br /> should be discouraged.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p003"> <strong>Equipment.</strong> Safety gear<br /> should fit properly and be well maintained.</p> <ul id="peo_document275.en.s002l002" list-type="bullet"> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p004"> <strong>Headgear.</strong> When the<br /> rules allow, protective headgear should be worn for sparring or<br /> for activities with risk of falling, such as high jumps or<br /> flying kicks.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p005"> <strong>Body pads</strong> can help<br /> protect against scrapes and bruises and limit the pain from<br /> kicks and punches. Arm pads, shin pads, and chest protection for<br /> sparring.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p006"> <strong>Mouth guards.</strong> </p> </li> </ul> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p007"> <strong>Environment.</strong> Mats and<br /> floors should be safe to play on. Gaps between mats can cause sprained<br /> ankles. Wet or worn floors can cause slips and falls.</p> </li> </ul></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s003" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Common injuries</h3> <div id="peo_document275.en.s004" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Scrapes and bruises</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s003p001">Scrapes and bruises are by far the most<br /> common injuries seen in the martial arts. They often result from falls onto<br /> mats, kicks and punches that are “off target,” or when proper<br /> padding is not worn. All scrapes and cuts should be washed with soap and<br /> water and bandaged before returning to activity. Bruises are best treated<br /> with ice applied for 20 to 30 minutes. They will slowly get better and fade<br /> over 2 to 3 days.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s005" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Sprains and strains</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s005p001">Sprains and strains become more common as<br /> children get older. Ankles, knees, and elbows are the joints most often<br /> sprained. Muscle strains usually happen in the front (quadriceps) or the<br /> back (hamstrings) of the thigh. Most knee and ankle sprains occur either by<br /> landing awkwardly after a jump or by improper contact with a partner. Elbow<br /> and wrist injuries happen with falling, punching, or blocking. Muscle<br /> strains can occur with trying to kick too high or punch too hard without<br /> using correct form or having properly warmed up.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s006" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Finger and toe injuries</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s006p001">Finger and toe injuries are often due to the<br /> large amount of kicking and punching of padded targets. They may also happen<br /> when sparring with a partner. These injuries are usually the result of poor<br /> kicking and punching technique. Contact with the target should never be<br /> initiated with the fingers or toes. Jammed fingers result from holding the<br /> hand in the wrong position (fingers spread) or if the toes are used to hit<br /> the target (instead of the heel or top of the foot).</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s006p002">Any injury that is associated with a<br /> dislocation, deformity, inability to straighten or bend the finger, or<br /> significant pain should be examined by a doctor. X-rays are usually needed.<br /> Buddy tape may be all that is needed to return to sports; however, this<br /> cannot be assumed without an exam and x-ray. Swelling often persists for<br /> weeks to months after a finger joint sprain. Ice, nonsteroidal<br /> anti-inflammatory drugs, and range of motion exercises are important for<br /> treatment.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s007" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Head injuries</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p001">Concussions can occur in martial arts if<br /> children fall and strike their heads, or if they are kicked or punched in<br /> the head. A concussion is any injury to the brain that disrupts normal brain<br /> function on a temporary or permanent basis.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p002">The signs and symptoms of a concussion range<br /> from subtle to obvious and usually happen right after the injury but may<br /> take hours to days to show up. Athletes who have had concussions may report<br /> feeling normal before their brain has fully recovered. With most<br /> concussions, the player is not knocked out or unconscious.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p003">Prematurely returning to play after a<br /> concussion can lead to another concussion or even death. An athlete with a<br /> history of concussion is more susceptible to another injury than an athlete<br /> with no history of concussion. Once a concussion has occurred, it is<br /> important to make sure the helmet is fitted properly. If the concussion<br /> occurred due to the player leading with the head to make a tackle, he should<br /> be strongly discouraged from continuing that practice.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p004"> <strong>All concussions are serious, and all athletes with suspected<br /> concussions should not return to play until they see a doctor. The AAP<br /> recommends children avoid sports that reward blows to the head.</strong> </p> </p></div> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s008" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Types of martial arts</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p001">The term <italic>martial arts</italic> can be<br /> used to describe any number of styles or disciplines of self-defense practices.<br /> There are many different styles practiced around the world, with the most<br /> popular forms being karate, tae kwon do, and judo.</p> <ul id="peo_document275.en.s008l001" list-type="bullet"> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p002"> <strong>Karate (KAH-rah-teh) means<br /> “empty hand,” as it is normally practiced without<br /> weapons.</strong> Karate is a traditional Japanese form. The hands and<br /> feet are trained and prepared for use in a weaponless form of self-<br /> defense.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p003"> <strong>Tae kwon do (tahy-kwon-doh) means<br /> “the way of foot and fist.”</strong> This is a<br /> traditional Korean martial art. It is also the most popular. This form<br /> highlights discipline, respect, and personal growth and focuses on the<br /> use of the feet for powerful kicks in self-defense.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p004"> <strong>Judo (joo-doh) means<br /> “gentle way” and is known for a variety of throwing<br /> techniques.</strong> It uses many methods to control an opponent while<br /> on the ground. In many ways it is more similar to wrestling than to the<br /> other martial arts.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p005"> <strong>Kung fu (kung-foo) most commonly<br /> translates to “hard work” and is one of the oldest<br /> forms of martial arts.</strong> The term may be used to describe all<br /> of the hundreds of Chinese martial arts. Kung fu is mainly a<br /> “stand-up” form of the martial arts, known for its<br /> powerful blocks. Wushu is the most popular and modern form of kung<br /> fu.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p006"> <strong>Aikido (eye-key-do) means<br /> “way of harmony.”</strong> This Japanese martial art is<br /> known as a throwing style. It teaches a nonaggressive approach to<br /> self-defense, focusing on joint locks, throws, and restraining<br /> techniques, rather than kicks and punches. While aikido may be learned<br /> at any age, it is especially popular among women and older adults.<br /> Aikido is not practiced as a competitive sport.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p007"> <strong>Jujitsu (joo-jit-soo) means<br /> “the art of softness” and emphasizes techniques that<br /> allow a smaller fighter to overcome a bigger, stronger<br /> opponent.</strong> First practiced in Japan, jujutsu is considered a<br /> ground fighting or grappling style of the martial arts. Many of the<br /> forms have been incorporated into other martial arts such as judo,<br /> karate, and aikido. The arm lock and submission techniques have been<br /> taught to police all over the world.</p> </li> </ul></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s009" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Remember</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s009p001">Martial arts injuries can be prevented with<br /> proper supervision and compliance with the rules and safety guidelines in place<br /> for martial arts.</p> </p></div> <div id="pedweblogo"><a style="font-size:0.9em;" href="" target="_blank">Powered by Remedy<i>Connect</i></a> <br /><a style="font-size: 9px;color: #000000;" href="" target="_blank">disclaimer</a><br /><span style="font-size:0.8em;">Denver Data Feed</span></div> </div> </article> </main> <div class="col-xs-12 col-md-3"> <div class="sidebar" role="complementary"> </div> </div> </div> </div> <footer class="footer" role="contentinfo"> <div class="footer-top"> <div class="container"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><h6 class="footer-top__headings">LOCATIONS</h6><div class="textwidget"><p style="color: #ffffff;"><a href="" style="color: #ffffff;"><strong>Bel Air - North Park</strong></a><br /> 4C North Avenue<br /> Suite 400<br /> Bel Air, MD 21014<br /> 410-638-0239</p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"><p> </p> <p style="color: #ffffff;"><a href="" style="color: #ffffff;"><strong>Bel Air Hoagie Drive</strong></a><br /> 604 Hoagie Drive<br /> Suite 400<br /> Bel Air, MD 21014<br /> 410-893-4844</p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"><p> </p> <p style="color: #ffffff;"><a href="" style="color: #ffffff;"><strong>Ellicott City</strong></a><br /> 9011 Chevrolet Drive<br /> Suites 7 & 8<br /> Ellicott City, MD 21042<br /> 410-465-4111</p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"><p> </p> <p style="color: #ffffff;"><a style="color: #ffffff;" href=""><strong>Towson</strong></a><br /> 4600 LaSalle Road<br /> Potomac Building,<br /> Suite 105<br /> Baltimore, MD 21286<br /> 410-823-5232</p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"><p> </p> <p style="color: #ffffff;"><a href="" style="color: #ffffff;"><strong>Westminster</strong></a><br /> 690 Poole Road<br /> Westminster, MD 21157<br /> 410-848-1019<br /> 410-751-9891 (Fax)</p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_nav_menu"><h6 class="footer-top__headings">PAGES</h6><div class="menu-secondary-menu-container"><ul id="menu-secondary-menu-1" class="menu"><li class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page current-page-ancestor menu-item-689"><a href="">Patient Information</a></li> <li class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-69"><a href="">News & Updates</a></li> <li class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-202"><a href="">Links</a></li> <li class="menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-201"><a href="">Billing</a></li> </ul></div></div></div></div><div class="row"><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"><p><a href=""><img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-220" src="" alt="facebook-icon" width="32" height="32" /></a> <a href=""><img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-221" src="" alt="googleplus-icon" width="32" height="32" /></a></p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"><p><a href="" target="_blank"><img class="alignleft size-medium wp-image-608" src="" alt="MY CERTIFIED PEDIATRICIAN" width="300" height="140" /></a></p> </div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"></div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"></div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><div class="textwidget"></div></div></div><div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_sow-button"><div class="so-widget-sow-button so-widget-sow-button-flat-78c8c44ffbc0"><div class="ow-button-base ow-button-align-left"> <a href="" class="ow-icon-placement-left ow-button-hover" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" > <span> <span class="sow-icon-fontawesome sow-fas" data-sow-icon="" style="color: #ffffff"></span> EMPLOYEE LOGIN </span> </a> </div> </div></div></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="footer-bottom"> <div class="container"> <div class="footer-bottom__left"> </div> <div class="footer-bottom__right"> Copyright © 2009–2020 CargoPress. All rights reserved. </div> </div> </div> </footer> </div><!-- end of .boxed-container --> <script> jQuery(document).ready(function($){ equalheight = function(container){ var currentTallest = 0, currentRowStart = 0, rowDivs = new Array(), $el, topPosition = 0; $(container).each(function() { $el = $(this); $($el).height('auto') topPostion = $el.position().top; if (currentRowStart != topPostion) { for (currentDiv = 0 ; currentDiv < rowDivs.length ; currentDiv++) { rowDivs[currentDiv].height(currentTallest); } rowDivs.length = 0; // empty the array currentRowStart = topPostion; currentTallest = $el.height(); rowDivs.push($el); } else { rowDivs.push($el); currentTallest = (currentTallest < $el.height()) ? ($el.height()) : (currentTallest); } for (currentDiv = 0 ; currentDiv < rowDivs.length ; currentDiv++) { rowDivs[currentDiv].height(currentTallest); } }); } $(window).load(function() { equalheight('.all_main .auto_height'); }); $(window).resize(function(){ equalheight('.all_main .auto_height'); }); }); </script> <script> // tabs jQuery(document).ready(function($){ (function ($) { $('.soua-tab ul.soua-tabs').addClass('active').find('> li:eq(0)').addClass('current'); $('.soua-tab ul.soua-tabs li a').click(function (g) { var tab = $(this).closest('.soua-tab'), index = $(this).closest('li').index(); tab.find('ul.soua-tabs > li').removeClass('current'); $(this).closest('li').addClass('current'); tab.find('.tab_content').find('div.tabs_item').not('div.tabs_item:eq(' + index + ')').slideUp(); tab.find('.tab_content').find('div.tabs_item:eq(' + index + ')').slideDown(); g.preventDefault(); } ); //accordion // $('.accordion > li:eq(0) a').addClass('active').next().slideDown(); $('.soua-main .soua-accordion-title').click(function(j) { var dropDown = $(this).closest('.soua-accordion').find('.soua-accordion-content'); $(this).closest('.soua-accordion').find('.soua-accordion-content').not(dropDown).slideUp(); if ($(this).hasClass('active')) { $(this).removeClass('active'); } else { $(this).closest('.soua-accordion').find('.soua-accordion-title .active').removeClass('active'); $(this).addClass('active'); } dropDown.stop(false, true).slideToggle(); j.preventDefault(); }); })(jQuery); }); </script><link rel='stylesheet' id='siteorigin-widget-icon-font-fontawesome-css' href='' type='text/css' media='all' /> <link rel='stylesheet' id='owl-css-css' href='' type='text/css' media='all' /> <link rel='stylesheet' id='widgets-css-css' href='' type='text/css' media='all' /> <script type='text/javascript'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var wpcf7 = {"apiSettings":{"root":"https:\/\/\/wp-json\/contact-form-7\/v1","namespace":"contact-form-7\/v1"}}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src=''></script> <script type='text/javascript' src=''></script> <script type='text/javascript' src='//'></script> <script type='text/javascript'> /* <![CDATA[ */ var CargoPressVars = {"pathToTheme":"https:\/\/\/wp-content\/themes\/cargopress-pt"}; /* ]]> */ </script> <script type='text/javascript' src=''></script> <script type='text/javascript' src=''></script> <script type='text/javascript' src=''></script> <script type='text/javascript' src=''></script> <script type="text/javascript" id="slb_context">/* <![CDATA[ */if ( !!window.jQuery ) {(function($){$(document).ready(function(){if ( !!window.SLB ) { {$.extend(SLB, {"context":["public","user_guest"]});} }})})(jQuery);}/* ]]> */</script> </body> </html>